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Palace and Park Benrath

More than 200 years ago, Benrath Palace was built as a summer residence and hunting lodge for the Elector Carl Theodor close to the Rhine in the south of Düsseldorf. Nicolas de Pigage created one of the most beautiful garden palaces of the 18th century. Today, the ensemble with its artistic unity of buildings, interior design and 60-hectare gardens is regarded as one of the rare examples of a late rococo Gesamtkunstwerk in Europe. With its furniture, porcelain and paintings etc., the main palace (Corps de Logis) gives an impression of court life in the second half of the 18th century.

The “Museum of European Garden Art” is situated in the east wing, and the “Museum of Natural History” in the west wing.

The palace park is formally designed according to the fashion of the time, and is divided into a total of three different gardens: the official garden, the private gardens and the bosquet. The Tiergarten (animal park) of the old water palace from the 17th century was redesigned into a geometrically subdivided hunting ground, and accounts for most of the approx. 63 hectares of parkland. Besides the “French Garden” and the orangery, the botanical “English Garden” – today simply called the Flower Garden – has a very romantic atmosphere.

The palace park is an oasis for trees, bushes and wildflowers and home to many indigenous animals. The oldest trees are the former pleached lime tree hedges, which through lack of cutting back, grew together to form the distinctive “lime tree avenues”, which are already 250 years old. The interesting, foreign tree species, particularly in the “English Garden”, were only planted after the redesign of the Elector’s private gardens at the beginning of the 19th century by Maximilian Friedrich Weyhe.

In the wooded part of the Benrath Palace park visitors will find many flowering plants growing beneath the canopy of trees and bushes, along with mosses, ferns and grasses. Most of the wildflowers – including wild arum, wood anemones, sorrel, pilewort, buttercups and dead nettle – bloom white and yellow in the spring before the thick canopy of leaves on the trees and the rich palette of shrubs make the woodland floor too shady. The ponds and lakes of the Benrath Palace park were originally fed by the Itter. As the Itter became increasingly polluted, it was decided to channel it straight into the Rhine. Since then, the park’s complex pond and canal system has been fed by a well. 


Orientation map


Benrather Schlossallee/ Benrather Schlossufer/ Urdenbacher Alle
Benrather Schlossallee 100 – 106
40597 Düsseldorf
Total Area 63 ha